February 22nd, 2019

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Applicants for Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Positions by Medical School Background: A 25-Year Perspective
Authors:  Nancy Sokkary, M.D., Cristina Murray-Krezan, M.S., and William Rayburn, M.D., M.B.A.
  OBJECTIVE: To examine numbers and match rates of applicants for obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residency positions, according to their medical school background.

STUDY DESIGN: This descriptive study examined National Residency Match Program data from 1992 until 2016. Applicants were grouped as U.S. medical graduates (USMGs), osteopathic medical graduates, or international medical graduates (IMGs). Match rates into Accredited Counsel of Graduate Medical Education–accredited ob-gyn residency programs for each group were examined for each year.

RESULTS: The number of applicants declined from 1,718 in 1993 to 1,366 in 2003 before increasing gradually to 1,606 by 2016. The highest proportion of matching was among USMG seniors (from 76% in 1993 to 91% in 2016). Applicants from osteopathy schools saw the greatest increase in match rates (from 26% to 76%). While remaining low, match rates were consistently higher for U.S-born rather than non-U.S. IMGs (e.g., 41% vs. 30% in 2016).

CONCLUSION: Increased numbers of applicants from all medical school backgrounds in recent years have erased concerns about insufficient matching. Competition may increase for these positions, especially as more USMG students graduate.
Keywords:  background, education, foreign medical graduates, graduate education, gynecology, international medical exchange, medical school, internship and residency, match, medical residencies, medical school graduates, obstetrics, residency positions
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